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Apostille of foreign documents for the court in Russia


It is necessary to complete the procedure for legalizing documents to submit documents issued in a foreign state to a Russian court as evidence. The court is not entitled to accept the materials of the case as evidence without this procedure.
This legal requirement is provided for by Part 5 of Art. 71 of the Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation and Art. 255 of the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, which means it is applied in all commercial courts and courts of general jurisdiction of the Russian Federation.

Procedure of legalization of a foreign document for the court

There are two types of legalization of a foreign document: consular legalization and simplified legalization (apostille).
The type of legalization depends on the country in which the documents are drawn up.

It will be enough to perform apostillle in countries that have acceded to the Hague Convention of 05.10.1961 "abolishing the requirements of legalization of foreign official documents".

Countries where you can affix apostille: Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Albania, American Samoa, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Netherlands Antilles, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Belarus, Belgium, Bermuda, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, British Antarctic Territory, American Virgin Islands, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Vanuatu, Great Britain, Hungary, Venezuela, Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Germany, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Honduras, Grenada, Greece, Georgia, Guam, Denmark, Jersey, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Israel, India, Ireland, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Cape Verde, Kazakhstan, Cayman Islands, Cyprus, PRC, Macau (Macau), Hong Kong (Xianggang), Colombia, Republic of Korea, Cook Islands, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Mauritius, Mayotte, Macedonia, Malawi Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montserrat, Isle of Man, Namibia, Netherlands, Niue, New Zela India, New Caledonia, Norway, Panama, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Russia, Romania, El Salvador, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Swaziland, Saint Helena Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Seychelles Islands, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, USA, Suriname, Turks and Caicos, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji, Finland, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), France, French Polynesia, Croatia, Montenegro, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Ecuador, Estonia, South Africa, Japan

Countries that did not join: the Hague Convention of 05.10.1961 "abolishing the requirements for legalization of foreign official documents" cannot affix an apostille, therefore consular legalization is required to legalize documents drawn up in such countries.
Countries in which consular legalization must be performed are: Abkhazia, Algeria, Angola, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Bhutan, Vatican, East Timor, Vietnam, Gabon, Haiti, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Djibouti , Egypt, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Indonesia, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, Yemen, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Qatar, Kenya, Kiribati, People's Republic of China, PRC, Comoros, Comoros, Congo, Ivory Coast, Cuba, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Maldives, Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia, Mozambique, Myanma, Nauru, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, United Arab Emirates, UAE, Pakistan, Papau, Palestine New Guinea, Rwanda, Senegal, Singapore, Syria, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sudan, Sierra Leone, Thailand, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Togolese Republic, Tuvalu, Turkmenistan, Sri Lanka, Tzuwalca, Republic of Africa Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Osset Oia, South Sudan.

Apostille procedure
Apostille is the affixing of the “Apostille” stamp stipulated by the Hague Convention on a document drawn up in a foreign country. It must be affixed by the competent government agency in your country.
It ensures recognition of the apostilled document on the territory of a foreign country. The foreign document will be recognized and attached to the case materials along with other evidence of the court there is no reason to doubt the legality of such a document.

Who affixes the apostillle?
The apostillle is affixed by the competent authority of the state where this document was created.
In each state, this body is called differently, for example:
-in Germany Federal Foreign Office of Germany- Auswärtiges Amt der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
-In France, the apostille is affixed by the local courts of appeal - Cour d'appel de France. If the document is issued by the federal authorities, then such a document is apostilled by the Paris Court of Appeal.
- in the UK, the apostille is affixed by the Legalization Office of the UK Foreign Office; Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office
- in Ireland, the apostille is affixed by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (consular section) - DFA - Department of Foreign Affairs Ireland.

Consular legalization is a process as a result of which the compliance of the document with the legislation of the country that issued the document is confirmed.

The principle of consular legalization is similar to Apostille, but the difference is in more complex procedure, which is carried out in two stages.
At the first stage, they apply to the consular offices of the respective country for the legalization of the document. At the second stage, with a legalized document, they apply to the consular office of the country where it is planned to use this document.
Consular legalization is carried out by the ministries of justice and the ministries of foreign affairs of the respective country.

Our specialists provide legal assistance in cases requiring the application of foreign legislation, and accompany the process of apostille and notarized translation of documents on the territory of Russia.

Tel: +7 909 961-19-09
Visit us: Moscow, Zubovskiy bulvar, building 4, room 308
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